For powering a slew of lights and appliances, an electrical circuit rated for 15 or 20 amps is more than capable for the most part. To handle the load, there are many scenarios where a dedicated circuit that powers just one appliance is required, however. Today, we at Peterkin Electric would like to share a few appliances that require a dedicated circuit for peak performance and peace of mind for your Orange County, CA home.
What Size Breaker Do I Need for a Baseboard Heater?
A dedicated circuit is a smart choice that will save you a ton of headache and worry for all but the smallest of baseboard heaters. Depending on the hardware involved, baseboard heaters can run on either 120 or 240-volt circuits. For greater energy efficiency, a 240-volt circuit is the solution. Only licensed electricians should install dedicated baseboard heater circuits due to the many variables involved.
Does a Dishwasher Need a Dedicated Circuit?
More than capable of powering an off-the-rack dishwasher is a standard 15-amp circuit using a 14/2 NM conduit in most cases. A 20-amp breaker and 12/2 wire are a must if you plan on powering a garbage disposal unit using the same circuit. Depending on the local building codes in your particular jurisdiction, a GFCI outlet is highly recommended and may be required.
Does a Microwave Need a Dedicated Circuit?
For safe operation, a dedicated 120-volt circuit with a 20-amp breaker is what most common microwaves found in American kitchens need. When running at peak power, most microwaves produce as much as 1,500 watts. A 12/2 NM conduit is a must, consequently. AGFCI outlet may be required, depending on where the microwave is located. A microwave mounted in a cabinet shouldn’t require GFCI protection, for example.
Does a Refrigerator Require a Dedicated Circuit?
It is recommended to use a 120-volt circuit rated for 20 amps since refrigerators can use up to 15 amps on occasion. When it kicks on, a compressor can draw a surprising amount of power for a short period of time. If it’s within 6 feet of a sink or located in an unfinished basement or a garage, adding a GFCI outlet is a good idea.
Does a Stove Need a Dedicated Circuit?
Found in a home, are some of the most power-hungry appliances, and they are electric ranges. A 240-volt circuit rated for 50 amps is required for virtually every stove on the market. Using commonly available breakers and conduit to a circuit that powers an electric oven, there is no way to safely add another appliance. When pushed to its performance limit, a typical stove can draw up to 5,000 watts.
Does a Washing Machine Need to Be on a Dedicated Circuit?
A 120-volt receptacle rated for 20 amps will do the job since a standard washing machine draws a fair amount of power. A special 30-amp GFCI outlet can be used to power it and the washer sitting nearby if you have a gas dryer. To ensure safe and reliable operation, an electric dryer will require its own dedicated 240-volt circuit rated for 30 amps.
Does a Water Heater Need a Dedicated Circuit?
A dedicated 240-volt circuit controlled by a double-pole breaker rated for 30 amps is required with a garden variety electric water heater. Minimum wiring requirements vary based on the unit in question if you have a tankless water heater. Up to 100 amps can be drawn from certain all-electric tankless models. However, they still require a dedicated circuit, though gas-fired, on-demand water heaters don’t use as much juice.